CALTS was established in March 1988 as an interdisciplinary centre with one professor. The foundational goal was to bring potential contributions of linguistic and literary research in synergy with each other, so that they can together perform the urgent task of retooling Indian languages to integrate their speakers into national and international translation network.
The faculty members exhibit a unique range of expertise running from languages and literatures (Classical: Sanskrit, Tamil ; Modern Indian : Telugu, Kannada, Hindi, Marathi, Oriya, Bangla; Khasi; Other: Russian, French, German) through linguistics (with a focus on formal theory and language technology) and literary translation studies (focusing on culture and history). This wide range allows teaching and research initiatives to be synergized with many partners in and outside the University. One indicator of faculty quality is the honours, awards and merit based fellowships received by them.
Centre for Applied Linguistics and Translation Studies (CALTS) has been evaluated and rated as "Centre of Excellence" among 32 important institutions in the country by the Research Councils UK (RCUK). This report (June 2010), undertaken by the India Foundation for the Arts (IFA) in Bangalore on behalf of Research Council of UK, presented an overview of the Arts and Humanities research landscape in India through mapping the Centres of Excellence and funders.