Language Technology

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Grammatical descriptions of human languages are the results of efforts in modeling of the design features and the internal organization of the structures and the mechanisms. Therefore, Linguistics is about language modeling, designing and studying their theoretical and practical implications. However the activity of grammatical descriptions itself is molded by the specific needs of aims and the goals such as Teaching and Learning a language, investigating the issues related to the evolutionary biology with regard to discovering the universals of human language and development, philosophical and functional aspects of language and Linguistic Computing. Here, we would like to discuss certain issues towards building a Hyper Grammar for a given language.

A Hyper Grammar is a non-linearly organized dynamic grammar based on the hypertext format. It is intended to simulate certain functions of a native speaker. It can be used both as learning and teaching tool besides as a reference grammar.

It is comprised of a number of non-linearly arranged texts each with a comprehensive note on various grammatical facts of Telugu, with hyper-links. It can be accessed and retrieved for various purposes involving language, to experience the effect of a native speaker and hearer of the language. Functionally it serves better than any of the existing printed grammars, which are simply flat and linear. In a way the existing printed grammars are non-communicative i.e. passive, hence, they are monologues and do not participate or reciprocate to pass judgments about the linguistic facts of the respective languages. A grammar in order to reciprocate should have some of the computationally implemented tools like a morphological generator, analyzer, chunker, parser, lexical accessor etc. The Hyper Grammar is intended to be a reciprocative grammar, as it involves some of the properties like the native speakerís ability to make judgments on the grammaticality of the linguistic facts. This single feature makes it distinct from the printed grammars. Hyper grammars are extremely useful from the point of learning, teaching and as reference material. The design features are borrowed from the hypertext format but conceived as a computationally cognitive model. The contents are being developed from both the published and unpublished sources carefully selected and rewritten in the hypertext format.

Telugu Hyper Grammer
English Hyper Grammer
Multilingual Thesaurus
Digital Corpora
MAT system

G Uma Maheshwar Rao
CALTS, University of Hyderabad.